As new regulating authorities come to grips with their roles and existing ones adapt to new demands, the Energy and Environmental Safety Agency (ASEA) has taken on the oversight of environmental issues related to hydrocarbons. It has proven itself a strict watchdog in an area where technology keeps making waves by helping companies automate and monitor processes. It has set the industry on a path well-traveled in other large sectors like automotive and electronics: to employ the internet and increasingly powerful remote tools to reduce the human risk and cut unnecessary costs, while at the same time helping to protect the environment.

This chapter offers a glance into the evolution of regulations and the authorities in charge of devising and enforcing them, as well as an analysis of new technologies and the impact they are having on the protection of the environment and the enhancing of safe practices across the industry.